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Executive Functions And The&.Frontal$^L-obes ||

 
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MessagePosté le: 20/05/2016 17:24:02    Sujet du message: Executive Functions And The&.Frontal$^L-obes || Répondre en citant




Executive Functions And The Frontal Lobes || > urlin.us/2bo53





^,,,,Ochsner,,,,,KN;,,,,Gross,,,,,JJ,,,,(May,,,,2005)^,,,,Norman,,,,,DA;,,,,Shallice,,,,,T,,,,(1980)OCLC77573143PMID10769394PMID12661972The,,posterior,,DLPFC,,creates,,an,,appropriate,,attentional,,set,,,or,,rules,,for,,the,,brain,,to,,accomplish,,the,,current,,goalThe,,,major,,,change,,,that,,,occurs,,,in,,,the,,,brain,,,in,,,adulthood,,,is,,,the,,,constant,,,myelination,,,of,,,neurons,,,in,,,the,,,prefrontal,,,cortex.[20],,,At,,,age,,,20-29,,,,executive,,,functioning,,,skills,,,are,,,at,,,their,,,peak,,,,which,,,allows,,,people,,,of,,,this,,,age,,,to,,,participate,,,in,,,some,,,of,,,the,,,most,,,challenging,,,mental,,,tasksIt,,,is,,,mainly,,,concerned,,,with,,,the,,,dynamic,,,,"online",,,co-ordination,,,of,,,cognitive,,,resources,,,,and,,,,hence,,,,its,,,effect,,,can,,,be,,,observed,,,only,,,by,,,measuring,,,other,,,cognitive,,,processes^,,,,a,,,,b,,,,c,,,,Anderson,,,,,VA;,,,,Anderson,,,,,P;,,,,Northam,,,,,E;,,,,Jacobs,,,,,R;,,,,Catroppa,,,,,C,,,,(2001)doi:10.1080/09297040409609811330,,,(2):,,,299307Specifically,,,,three,,,main,,,clusters,,,were,,,distinguished;,,,dorsal,,,anterior,,,cingulate,,,,a,,,region,,,dubbed,,,mid-dorsolateral,,,and,,,a,,,mid-ventrolateral,,,region^,,,,Conboy,,,,,BT;,,,,Sommerville,,,,,JA;,,,,Kuhl,,,,,PK,,,,(2008)^,,,a,,,b,,,c,,,d,,,e,,,f,,,g,,,Diamond,,,,A,,,(2013)PMID19222319The,,prefrontal,,cortex:,,response,,selection,,or,,maintenance,,within,,working,,memory?,,Science,,2000;,,288:,,165660,,Abstract/FREE,,Full,,Text,,,,Wagner,,AD,,,Maril,,A,,,Bjork,,RA,,et,,alISBN0-19-852116-2PMID16510720You,,,,are,,,,here:,,,,NCBI,,,,>,,,,Literature,,,,>,,,,PubMed,,,,Write,,,,to,,,,the,,,,Help,,,,Desk,,,,^,,,Baddeley,,,,Alan,,,(2002)PMID18824074The,,,processes,,,of,,,recovery,,,and,,,re-organisation,,,are,,,conceptually,,,more,,,plausible,,,in,,,a,,,dynamic,,,and,,,flexible,,,network,,,modelISBN0-521-31360-0Working,,memory,,model[edit]Trends,,Neurosci,,2000;,,23:,,47583,,CrossRefMedlineWeb,,of,,Science,,,,Goldman-Rakic,,PS,,The,,prefrontal,,landscape:,,implications,,of,,functional,,architecture,,for,,understanding,,human,,mentation,,and,,central,,executiveYou,,may,,notice,,them,,when,,your,,child,,starts,,going,,to,,schoolEarly,,,results,,,with,,,structural,,,MRI,,,show,,,thinning,,,of,,,the,,,cerebral,,,cortex,,,in,,,ADHD,,,subjects,,,compared,,,with,,,age-matched,,,controls,,,in,,,prefrontal,,,cortex,,,and,,,posterior,,,parietal,,,cortex,,,,areas,,,involved,,,in,,,working,,,memory,,,and,,,attentionExecutive,,functions,,are,,needed,,to,,perform,,this,,task,,,as,,the,,relatively,,overlearned,,and,,automatic,,behaviour,,(word,,reading),,has,,to,,be,,inhibited,,in,,favour,,of,,a,,less,,practiced,,task,,-,,naming,,the,,ink,,colorThis,,,theory,,,has,,,been,,,addressed,,,in,,,detail,,,by,,,two,,,recent,,,meta-analyses,,,of,,,N-back,,,tasksIf,,,executive,,,function,,,is,,,to,,,be,,,better,,,understood,,,by,,,a,,,flexible,,,,collaborative,,,and,,,overlapping,,,network,,,model,,,,this,,,will,,,involve,,,a,,,paradigm,,,shift,,,towards,,,a,,,functional,,,integration,,,approachPMID18793082"Chapter,,6:,,Widely,,Projecting,,Systems:,,Monoamines,,,Acetylcholine,,,and,,Orexin"Although,,,,conceptualizations,,,,vary,,,,regarding,,,,what,,,,mental,,,,processes,,,,actually,,,,constitute,,,,the,,,,"executive,,,,function",,,,construct,,,,,there,,,,has,,,,been,,,,a,,,,historical,,,,linkage,,,,of,,,,these,,,,"higher-level",,,,processes,,,,with,,,,the,,,,frontal,,,,lobesEven,,,though,,,colour,,,and,,,motion,,,were,,,present,,,in,,,all,,,stimulus,,,arrays,,,,fMRI,,,activity,,,in,,,colour-sensitive,,,regions,,,(V4),,,was,,,enhanced,,,when,,,subjects,,,were,,,instructed,,,to,,,attend,,,to,,,the,,,colour,,,,and,,,activity,,,in,,,motion-sensitive,,,regions,,,was,,,increased,,,when,,,subjects,,,were,,,cued,,,to,,,attend,,,to,,,the,,,direction,,,of,,,motionNeuronal,,,mechanisms,,,of,,,executive,,,control,,,by,,,the,,,prefrontal,,,cortex f5880b0734



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